NATO and Afghanistan: What role for Visegrád countries?

In the late 1989, the decline of Soviet influence in Afghanistan reached the point of no return: the USSR ended its greatest geopolitical misadventure and left. More than two decades later, Afghanistan faces a déjà vu, with another foreign force about to withdraw. NATO countries, including the four Visegrád states (Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic – the ‘V4’), have invested much money, energy, manpower and political capital in the NATO mission in Afghanistan.